P phrases

P phrases

In addition to the hazard pictogram, the labels of the dangerous substances also contain H and P phrases.

  • The H phrases are hazard statements (H of hazard).
  • The P phrases indicate precautions (P of precaution / safety recommendation ).

The P phrases replace the S phrases and are mandatory on the labelling for pure substances from 1 December 2010 and for mixtures from 1 June 2015. This page contains a general description of the P phrases according to the GHS.

  • P100 phrases
  • P200 phrases
  • P300 phrases
  • P400 phrases
  • P500 phrases

List of all P phrases.

P100 phrases

P10x is a short series of three general precautions.

P101 When seeking medical advice, show the packaging or label.
P102 Keep out of the reach of children.
P103 Read the label before use.

P200 phrases

The P2xx series comprises preventive measures:

  • P20x Read safety instructions and safety directions
  • P21x Beware of ignition sources
  • P22x Avoid contact with...
  • P23x Protect from...
  • P24x Measures related to use and storage
  • P25x Careful with vibration / friction / shock / do not pierce
  • P26x Avoid inhalation
  • P27x Avoid swallowing
  • P28x Use PPE, (room) ventilation

Examples of P phrases:

  • P211 Do not spray on naked flames or other sources of ignition
  • P262 Avoid contact with eyes, skin or clothing

P300 phrases

The P3xx series comprises precautions for reactions.

  • P30x What to do if swallowed, inhaled or in contact with skin
  • P31x Consult expert / poison control centre
  • P32x Specific treatment
  • P33x To do immediately after contact
  • P34x Respiratory problems
  • P35x Washing instructions
  • P36x Contaminated clothing
  • P37x Firefighting
  • P38x Evacuation
  • P39x Cleaning up spill

Examples of P phrases:

  • P313 Consult a doctor
  • P331 Do not induce vomiting
  • P352 Wash with plenty of water and soap

P400 phrases

The P4xx phrases describe the measures relating to the storage of dangerous substances.

  • P40x Storage conditions
  • P41x Protect from
  • P42x Separate storage

Examples of P phrases:

  • P403 Store in a well-ventilated place
  • P412 Do not expose to temperatures exceeding 50 °C/122 °F

P500 phrases

These relate to the method of disposal of a dangerous substance.

P501 Dispose of contents/container to...

Example: to a suitable waste site or recycling plant in accordance with local and national regulations.