Clinical picture

MRSA (methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus) 

Staphylococcus aureus can cause different clinical pictures. Staphylococcus aureus infections can be subdivided into skin infections and invasive infections.

Additional information from the RIVM.

Infection route

Mainly by hand, also by air or other sources such as clothing, bedding and toys.

Contagious period

As long as the carrier status exists, both for the patient and for others.

Incubation time

Unknown; one can be a carrier for a shorter or longer period of time before developing symptoms. Most carriers never develop an infection.

Potential infectees

Staff who may become occupationally infected while taking care of patients with an MRSA infection.

Vulnerable groups are staff with skin or chronic diseases. 

More specific information on vulnerable groups can be found at


Training: staff should be properly informed about MRSA infections and measures to prevent further spread.

General measures: Follow the internal hygiene regulations (isolation).

Use disposable gloves, mouth mask and barrier apron.

Vaccination: not possible.

Post-exposure policy

Staff contact examination.

An MRSA-infected employee is examined for chronic carrier status and is treated. After treatment, the MRSA infection test is repeated.

Potential infectors

MRSA carriers. Carriers are not allowed to come into contact with patients.